Intellectual Property management in EU-BRIC research collaborations
The report is written under the IP-Unilink project co-funded by the European Commission within the Erasmus Mundus Programme to present a reference document for individuals and organizations involved in EU-BRIC research cooperation.
The report offers a detailed explanation of the most important factors which characterize the environment for R&D cooperation and intellectual property issues in EU and BRIC (Brasil, Russia, India, China)countries.
Policy reactions to the globalization of business R&D: The case of the EU
by José Guimón
This paper interprets how the globalization of business R&D is shaping the evolution of government policies, in particular in the context of the EU. It argues that the increased competition to attract the R&D activities of foreign firms has resulted in a more proactive role of government policies aimed at improving the attractiveness of the country/region as an R&D location (“attractiveness policies”) and at image-building and facilitating the investment process by offering customized services to foreign investors in R&D (“inward investment promotion”). The paper classifies the main policy objectives and instruments at stake and illustrates some key trends in the evolution of EU policies, both at the national and at the Community levels. A central argument is that the globalization of business R&D is leading to the emergence of a new form of policy discourse and of a new portfolio of policies.
Internationalisation of R&D – Facing the Challenge of Globalisation: Approaches to a Proactive International Policy in S&T
Globalisation is an overarching ‘mega-trend’, which will increasingly shape the world during the next decades. Europe, its Member States and the states associated to the European RTD Framework Programme are challenged by globalisation in R&D New emerging countries appear on the international science and technology scene, notably the BRICS countries. This causes new opportunities for knowledge and technology acceleration including the promise to develop and penetrate new markets, but it also increases the competition for scarce resources, e.g. human capital, leading research infrastructures and foreign direct investments in R&D. The key question is how to benefit most from this phenomenon and at the same time how to reduce risks related to the globalisation process. Against this background, the driving motivations for internationalisation of R&D are:
• to strengthen research excellence and innovation,
• to increase the attractiveness of Europe on the worldwide R&D market,
• to prepare the domestic ground for successful European innovations abroad and
• to respond to global problems, international commitments and to foster the role of the EU as a community of values.
There are, however, problems interfering against the driving motivations, like insecure intellectual property regimes, unbalanced brain circulation flows, the relocation of FDI in R&D from Europe to other regions (notably Asia) etc.